Although rare neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) include a broad group of diseases with overall prevalence of 1/3500-1/2500 that represent a major cause of mortality and morbidity in children and adults. Their rarity and diversity pose specific challenges for healthcare provision and research, and for the development and marketing of therapies.

While individually each disease is rare, NMDs collectively affect an estimated 500,000 patients in Europe and result in life-long disabilities with significant costs for families and the healthcare system. Regional and national differences in care and incomplete implementation of standards lead to international disparities and divergent outcomes for NMD patients with the same diagnosis.

This European Reference Network covers the following disease groups:

Working Group Chair/Co-chair Email
Rare Muscle Diseases
Acquired and genetic skeletal muscle diseases Marianne de Visser
Rare Peripheral Nerve Diseases
Acquired and Inherited Neuropathies Davide Pareyson
Neuromuscular Junction Disorders
Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes, Myasthenia Gravis, Other autoimmune NMJ defects (Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome) Hanns Lochmuller
Lorenzo Maggi
Motor Neuron Diseases
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and related diseases, Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) and related diseases Vincenzo Silani
Jan Kirschner
Mitochondrial Diseases
Mitochondrial encephalomyopathies caused by mtDNA, Nuclear gene defects (MERRF, NARP, etc.) or causing mitochondrial the single mtDNA encephalomyopathy Cornelia Kornblum
Michelagelo Mancuso



Additionally there are Cross-Cutting speciality groups that cover ancillary tools that are used by all the groups to diagnose Neuromuscular Diseases. They are also organized by Speciality Groups.

Speciality Group Chair/Co-chair Email
Neuromuscular Genetics Group Alessandra Ferlini
Neuromuscular Imaging Group Pierre Carlier
Neuromuscular Pathology Group Eduardo Malfatti
Neuromuscular Neurophysiology Group Peter Van Den Bergh
Camiel Verhamme
Multidisciplinary Management & Care Marianne Nordstrøm
Andreas D. Rosenberger
Hanne Ludt Fossmo
Kristin Ørstavik

By clicking in a specific WG/Group link you will be directed to a dedicated page (UNDER CONSTRUCTION) where you find the list of experts and their centers, a list of upcoming working group events, research projects past, present or future that involve the group and other useful links.